Leuciscus cephalus


A medium-sized fish, the chub is a member of the carp family. Chub can sometimes be seen swimming near the surface of rivers and streams, often in large shoals. Omnivorous, they feed on invertebrates, small fish, fish eggs, plants and seeds. Spawning takes place in spring and summer, the female distributing her eggs amongst gravel and vegetation.

How to identify

More slender than other members of the carp family, the chub is greenish-silver in colour with reddish, rounded fins. It is larger than the dace, has redder fins and is more slender than the roach.

Where to find it

Found throughout the lowlands, widespread in England but rarer in Wales and Scotland.

When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

To help to look after chub and other fish species, The Wildlife Trusts work with landowners, statutory bodies, water companies and other organisations to help manage river and wetland habitats sympathetically. You can help by supporting your local Trust and becoming a member; you'll find out about exciting wildlife happenings, events on your doorstep and volunteering opportunities, and be helping local wildlife along the way.

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Species information

Common name
Latin name
Leuciscus cephalus
Freshwater fish
Length: 30-40cm Weight: 1.3-1.8kg Average Lifespan: up to 40 years
Conservation status