Pica pica


Magpies are one of our most familiar birds and the source of much myth and legend - 'one for sorrow, two for a joy' is a rhyme that many children learn. Magpies are, in fact, small crows, and are omnivorous, feeding on carrion, invertebrates and chicks and eggs. Sociable birds, they are often seen 'chattering' noisily in small groups across many habitats, from gardens to parks, heaths to hedges and in towns too. During the spring, males help the females to build nests by bringing materials which they then arrange. Magpies are famous for collecting all kinds of objects, particularly anything shiny, to decorate the nest.

How to identify

Unmistakeable: the Magpie is a long-tailed bird, which is mainly black with a white belly, and has white patches on the shoulders and in the wing.

Where to find it

Widespread, although absent from the north of Scotland.


When to find it

  • January
  • February
  • March
  • April
  • May
  • June
  • July
  • August
  • September
  • October
  • November
  • December

How can people help

Much maligned and often blamed for the decline of our songbirds, Magpies are actually not as villainous as we think. Songbird decline is largely due to habitat loss, development and changing farming practices, not predation by Magpies. To help populations of all our birds, The Wildlife Trusts are working towards a 'Living Landscape': a network of habitats and wildlife corridors across town and country, which are good for both wildlife and people. You can support this greener vision for the future by joining your local Wildlife Trust.

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Species information

Common name
Latin name
Pica pica
Crows and shrikes
Length: 44-48cm (including tail of 20cm) Wingspan: 56cm Weight: 240-200g Average Lifespan: 5 years
Conservation status